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patterns

making-leis

Next week, we are having a “Beach Day” at our school.  To help our children get in the spirit of summer, we made leis with our kindergarten students.

To begin the lesson, we all met on the carpet as a large group.  We showed them a few pictures of leis, and discussed what they are.  We then told the students we were going to make our own for our “Beach Day”.  Next, we reviewed different types of patterns by using our bodies as well as by drawing shapes in patterns on our whiteboard.  We used yarn, plastic needles, tissue paper flowers (easy to thread through), and straws (all white) to create the leis.  We did a quick demonstration to the large group so they could watch how to create the lei.   Then, we had them create patterns by threading the flowers and straws.  Some children did their patterns as a simple AB pattern (flower, straw).  Some children chose 2 flowers and straws to create an AAB pattern, and others chose 2 colours of flowers and straws to make an ABC pattern. 

It was a fun activity for everyone, and we had the opportunity to review and assess the students’ knowledge of patterns and we can wear them next week to celebrate the beach!

candy-cane-math

In our math centre today, I put candy cane shapes and different coloured pom poms.  The children glued the pom poms on the candy cane in a pattern.  I wanted to see if they remembered how to create patterns on their own from when we did our unit on patterns a month ago.  To my delight, each child that did this activity remembered AB patterns, and some even remembered AABB and ABC patterns.

Once they were done their pattern, they brought it over to me and we practised counting skills by counting how many pom poms they used.

more-patterns

Today we reviewed AABB patterns. I decided to use concrete tools to help the children learn the pattern. So, I used the children themselves!
First, I had the children line up according to gender. I used half of the class as the example, and let the other students tell me how to line the children up to form an AABB pattern. Then, I switched groups and had the children use hair colour (blonde & brunette) to create the pattern. The students who had been in the gender line up had the opportunity to tell me how to organize this pattern.
Once we had finished, we divided into groups of 6 children. Each group had their own space within the classroom and were asked to create their own patterns using themselves. I made sure each group had both junior and senior kindergarten students.
One group used the clour of their pants. Another used velcro shoes and shoes with laces. The other groups recreated the gender and hair colour patterns.
It was great seeing the students learning the concept of patterns with concrete examples.

halloween-patterns

We are continuing to work on creating AB patterns in our Full Day Kindergarten class. Today, I put foam Halloween shapes that I purchased at a dollar store, along with strips of black and orange construction paper and glue at our math centre. The children could go to the centre and create their own Halloween pattern that they could take home to hang up as a decoration for tonight. Most of the junior kindergarten students created AB patterns independently. The senior kindergarten students created AB patterns, AABB patterns and one student created an ABC pattern. They enjoyed doing these patterns and were excited to add a decoration at their house!

bear-patterns

To continue to learn about patterns, I have planned a whole group instruction activity, with a few changes. I will put a poster of a bear dancing on the wall. I will cut out and laminate pictures of the bear doing the actions we had did the other day. I will choose 2 students at a time to pick out a card from a brown lunch bag. Those 2 cards will be the actions for the pattern. I have done this activity in the past, and the children loved it! They thought it was great to get a turn to come up in front of everyone and show their action, then work with the other child to create a pattern the whole class had to repeat. You can do “AB” patterns, “AAB”, “AABB”, etc…..

I can put the laminated cards at the math centre for free play time. The children can go over and practice using their bodies for creating patterns.

patterns

We are beginning a unit on patterns in our Full Day Kindergarten class.

To introduce patterns, I am planning a whole group instruction time on the carpet. I will have the children stand up, and make sure there is enough room that each child can move a little, and bend over, safely. To learn about “AB” patterns, we will use our bodies. I will start with simple actions (clap, tap shoulders) and have the children do the pattern after me. I will then ask the students (one at a time) to show me an “AB” pattern using their bodies.

This is a fun way of introducing a new curriculum area, and it also gets the children up moving!